Les diagnostics infirmiersselon les 1. Virginia Henderson. Boire et manger. Se mouvoir et maintenir une bonne. Dormir et se reposer. Virginia Henderson : 14 besoins fondamentaux.
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General culture History biology Other phrases Literature The 14 Needs of Virginia Henderson: Main Characteristics The 14 needs of Virginia Henderson it is a theory or model that defines the approach to the practice of nursing. This theory was developed thanks to the practice and studies of Virginia Henderson, commonly called First Lady of Nursing. Its emphasis on basic human needs as the central focus of nursing practice has led to the development of many other models in which nurses are taught to assist patients from the point of view of their needs.
According to Henderson, in the beginning a nurse must act for the patient only when they do not have the knowledge, physical strength, will or ability to do things on their own or to carry out the treatment correctly. It also includes assisting a sick person helping to lead him to a quiet and peaceful death.
The 14 basic human needs according to Henderson 1- Breathe normally The gaseous exchange of the body is essential for patient health and for life itself. The nurse should become familiar with the respiratory function of the person and know how to identify the possible disadvantages of this process.
This includes helping with correct postures of the body, being alert to strange noises during breathing and being aware of nasal secretions and mucus.
You should also monitor the frequency and breathing rate, check that the routes are not obstructed, observe the temperature and air circulation of the room, among other aspects. The nurse should be aware of the type of diet and hydration, according to the nutritional requirements of the patient and the treatment ordered by the doctor.
It should take into account the appetite and mood, schedules and quantities, age and weight, religious and cultural beliefs, chewing and swallowing abilities, among others. The level of control and effectiveness of the patient with respect to their excretory functions must be well known.
This point includes the special attention to the hygiene of the intimate parts. The nurse must help the body mechanics of the person and motivate him to perform physical activity, exercises and sport. When motivating you, you must take into account the different limitations given by the particular disease, treatment, therapy or body deformities.
Every organism recovers physical and mental forces while it sleeps. The calm and uninterrupted rest of the patient should be a priority, especially at night. You should know the rest habits and also the difficulties to fall asleep, as sensitivities to noise, lighting, temperature, among others. Clothing represents identity and personality, but also protects against the elements and cares for individual privacy.
The thermoregulation of the body is always accompanied by changes of clothing, the use of sheets and blankets, the opening of windows and doors, drinking water, the use of fans or air conditioners and even taking a shower. This factor is not only a physiological manifestation; in nursing it is also considered a factor with a lot of psychological value. When bathing a person, the nurse should consider the frequency of cleaning the body, the means and utensils used, the level of mobility and independence of the patient, among other factors.
It is important that the person stays in social interaction with others to also guarantee mental health. Based on these he makes his decisions and exercises certain actions or thoughts. Culture and religion are part of the identity of the person. This factor almost always influences the attitude towards death.
If a patient feels productive and useful, he will have a sense of personal fulfillment that will influence his self-esteem and mental health. The nurse must know the tastes and interests of the person and motivate him to participate in activities that are motivating.
Keeping the patient developing skills, skills and knowledge is favorable for health. In the case of children or young patients, it is important that they keep their academic studies active as much as possible. References Alice Petiprin. Need Theory. Nursing Theory Web. Retrieved from nursing-theory. Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Retrieved from nursingtheories.
Definition of Nursing and the"14 Components of Nursing Care". Retrieved from slsu-coam. Nurse Labs. Recovered from nurseslabs. Basic Needs of Virginia Henderson.
Retrieved from www. Observatory of Nursing Methodology. Recovered from ome.
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