Ruiz Asencio, one of the main researchers, qualifies it as the most complex Castilian cartulary. The first thing which draws our attention is that it is a factitious meeting of several booklets of an independent nature, as well as some loose folios which were bound together, creating a book with them. It consists of seventeen parchment booklets, with one hundred and seventeen folios, including some fragments of folios and three original loose documents. The size of them is unequal, oscillating between 95xmm in booklet 16 at xmm Booklet 5.
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They are housed in the National Archives of Spain. The Cartularies of Valpuesta are a series of 12th-century Visigothic documents which, in turn, are copies of earlier documents, some of which date back to the 9th century.
These cartularies contain an abundance of words of a developing Romance dialect and a copious list of place names in the Valley of Gaubea and the surrounding area.
Probably no other codex of that period offers so many tokens of an incipient Romance language with similarities with modern Spanish. The scribes did not write in pure, erudite Latin, but rather in a more evolved, Romance-like Latin, to be better understood by the common people.
The transcription took place during the formative period of the Kingdom of Castile , and it might reflect the early evolution of the Castilian dialect, although a written standard had yet to be established. They are written in a very late form of Latin mixed with other elements of a Hispanic Romance dialect that corresponds in some traits with modern Spanish.
However, there have been other documents with a claim to being the earliest in Spanish, notably, the Glosas Emilianenses marginalia of circa ce from La Rioja. In November of , the Spanish Royal Academy endorsed the cartularies—written in "a Latin language assaulted by a living language" "una lengua latina asaltada por una lengua viva" —as the record of the earliest words written in Castilian, predating those of the Glosas Emilianenses.
The cartularies are available in a recent scholarly edition. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 5 November El Mundo in Spanish.
Los becerros gótico y galicano de Valpuesta
The famous Valpuesta Cartulary possesses extraordinary significance for the history of Spain: Isidoro offers catrulario compendium of 46 pages of eminent characters in Spain and in the north of Africa along the 5th and 6th centuries, mainly bishops and Christian authors, with special attention to those that wrote about heresies. Comentario del Apocalipsis Bishopric of Beja — Entre y — Multiple copies After his name, not at all usual in Spain of those times, Apringio vappuesta to be of cartularik origin. For this reason, the Valpuesta Cartulary not only contains important documents with historical monograms and signatures by some high-ranking personalities, but also a historical sensation with significance for all of Spain! Although the authenticity of some of the texts is disputed,  the cartularies are regarded as significant in the history of the Spanish language, and their status as manuscripts containing the earliest words written in Spanish has been promoted by the Spanish Royal Academy and other institutions, even though the documents are meant to be written in Latin. It consisted initially of five hundred laws, of which at least one hundred were written by said monarch, to which new laws were added later. It contains pages in parchment to two columns with multiple illustrations.
Cartularios de Valpuesta: cuando el latín se hizo español
Facsimile Edition Description The Cartularies of Valpuesta are two interesting examples of documents preserved in a monastery in the locality of Valpuesta, in the province of Burgos. Containing a total of documents which date back to the 12th century, these cartularies are considered the oldest document featuring the earliest words written in Spanish. From Valpuesta to the National Archives Today housed in the National Archives of Spain, these cartularies are identified as Becerro Gotico and Becerro Galicano becerro meaning both cartulary and calf according to the script they respectively bear. It does not come as a surprise that the small village of Santa Maria de Valpuesta was home of these important documents, for it was an Archdeaconship with documentarily rich archives. The Origin of Spanish Language The contents range from donations to confessions to inventories, featuring even churches repair contracts. However, what is most striking about these documents is that they represent significant evidence of the evolution from Latin into Castilian Romance, so much so that the Real Academia has declared the Valpuesta Cartularies the oldest document featuring the earliest words written in Spanish.
Cartularies of Valpuesta
Los cartularios de Valpuesta
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