The Hashimi and Abd al-Muttalib families were imprisoned-with the exception of Abu Lahab who has joined the enemies. Men, women and children were placed in this hot, dry valley. A notice was written by Abu Jahl, in the name of all the wealthy people of the Quraysh, and it was placed on the Kabah wall: aNo one should have any contact with the Hashimi tribe. All relationships with them are cut-off. Do not buy anything from them. Do not sell anything to them.
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She knows, feels, senses the question with her innermost being but she has never had it expressed for her before. Once expressed, the question, of necessity, begs for an answer which is a genuine and authentic part of that person.
This is the beginning of the Revolution which Iranian women were to undergo but it will take seven long years before it is expressed in society namely, in the Islamic Revolution of Iran. But we have moved too quickly. We are way ahead of ourselves. We have to return to that night when so many of us were not present, the night when the question was first expressed. On that night in , he begins the journey to Fatima with this question and slowly but surely unfolds an answer.
He lays the groundwork: be authentic, genuine in your search. Search for what? Search for the Truth. Do not be intimidated by external forms and eye catching colors. Be yourself, that which you really are and not that which you have become. Seek out the Truth. With this as a base, you face the first obstacle.
Because scholars for the last fourteen centuries have been too busy describing the details of devotions and by doing so, have inadvertently left the models aside. Other than a few responsible and committed scholars, they failed to bring the essence of Islam to light. That is, Islam stresses inner as well as outer freedom. When presented in the form that the Prophet received it, it brings self respect. These scholars failed to uncover the forgotten concepts of Islam.
The essential principles, the columns which hold up the personality had been so intricately carved and decorated that their basic form and function had been covered over.
What should be done? One should seek out the methodology set down by the Prophet. Shariati then describes the three methods of the conservative, the reformist and the revolutionary pointing out the pros and cons of each approach. Then he turns his analysis to the method which the Prophet was inspired with.
If your culture holds the tradition of a Fatima, seek her out. It produces meaningless consumerism. This takes us to another stage. We have a method but now we need a direction. Will it be that of a realist or that of an idealist?
Shariati tells us, "Neither. It carries realities along with its ideals. Unlike realists, Islam does not submit to realities, but rather, it causes the realities to submit to it. Islam does not turn away from realities as idealists do. It seeks them out. It tames them. Through this means, Islam uses that which hinders the idealists as a composite for its own ideals.
Face up to your realities. Tame them. Work through them to reach your ideals. Which mould does the Iranian woman of fill? Traditional or absurd? Women of the tradition or women of the new imported mould? The question, "Who am I? Is she one who serves herself or others? Is she an individual or a social being? It is here that Shariati develops the concept of Islamic social justice. He realized that you cannot inject ideas from other cultures which have no organic or rational roots.
He realized that concepts must be tested according to the cultural and social criteria of that environment. He awoke latent ideas. His goal was the development of a dynamic social environment which would be embedded in the historical background and conscience of that society. He describes the woman we could not see, the one we thought we knew but only after his guidance did we become aware of the fact that although we related each day directly to her spirit, she had been lost as a model for our daily lives.
That is, we had an emotional attachment to her inner essence but we had removed her form. Shariati takes us to Fatima. He begins with the social customs of the Arabian Peninsula before her birth where according to custom, female children were buried alive at birth in order to save the family from the disgrace of having an unsuitable son-in-law.
It was the revolutionary message of Islam which did away with this custom. How could it be? The father of a daughter will have abundant progeny? His wife, over 50 years old, gives birth to a fourth daughter, Fatima. Shariati then goes on to further enumerate the honors that Islam has bestowed upon women. The Prophet always treated Fatima with a love and respect which caused great amazement to the people of the times. Although polygamy is allowed in Islam in certain circumstances, the Prophet, because of his love and respect for Khadijah, the mother of Fatima, never married another during her lifetime nor did his cousin and son-in-law, Ali, marry another wife as long as Fatima was alive.
Fatima spent her life in struggle, resisting poverty and difficulties. Her father was forced to spend three years in a valley with his family when his tribe imposed economic and social sanctions against his message of Islam. After the migration to Medina, her new life as a married woman begins but she continues to face the same hardships and difficulties that she has encountered since childhood. She is inspired by the spirit and compassion of her father.
She grows up in his shadow as her husband, Hazrat Ali, had. They came to know the spirit of struggle and resistance and the turns of fate. Ali Shariati describes these events and many others based upon Sunni and Shiite sources of the Traditions. After the death of the Prophet, Abu Bakr took her grazing land in Fadak.
Omar attacked her home with a group of his men. They struck her. There she would sit and cry. She would cry and lament for hours. She spent her short life crying and cursing her fate until she died. She requested in her will that she be buried at night so that those who thought ill of her would not follow her funeral and they would not know where she was buried.
Is that a Moslem female child who defends her father against the elders of her tribe? Is that a Moslem woman who stands at the door and defends her husband and her home when usurpers try to burn it down? Let us turn to her last sermon and have her own words tell us what she really believed and practiced.
When Fatima was ill with the final sickness which caused her death, the wives of the Emigrants and Companions of the Prophet went to visit her to ask how she was feeling. Abu Bakr had been elected Caliph and Ali was put aside. I detest your men. After I tried to show them who their real enemy was and they did not listen, I put them aside. What a terrible future they are preparing for by causing the wrath of God and thereby bringing about permanent torment for themselves. They deserve to be slaughtered, to be wounded by swords.
Woe be to those people. They brought down a leader Ali who was at the peak of the mission. This is an obvious loss. Were they afraid of the sharpness of his sword in supporting right and truth, his braveness in fighting and martyrdom, his killing of oppressors, his effective blows in words and his anger for the sake of God?
The watering spring would be full, its shores clean and sound and he would return them safely to the edge after they had drank from the water. In such a case, worshippers of this world materialists would be distinguished from the ascetics and the right ones from the antagonists. But they deny the truths so we captivated them for their deeds. From those who oppressed, the results of their actions will be returned to themselves: They cannot change the traditions of history.
If you stay a while you will see the wonders of nature, but more wonderful than these is speech. What is their argument? What pillars do they support? What rope do they hold onto? What family do they admire and dominate over? What a terrible helper they have appointed Omar. What a wrong and oppressive exchange they have made!
Fatima is Fatima
She knows, feels, senses the question with her innermost being but she has never had it expressed for her before. Once expressed, the question, of necessity, begs for an answer which is a genuine and authentic part of that person. This is the beginning of the Revolution which Iranian women were to undergo but it will take seven long years before it is expressed in society namely, in the Islamic Revolution of Iran. But we have moved too quickly. We are way ahead of ourselves. We have to return to that night when so many of us were not present, the night when the question was first expressed.
Fatima Is Fatima
Fenridal She neither wants to be a product of her ethnic heritage nor to adopt a superficial facade. All our geniuses and great talents occupy themselves with philosophy, theology, Sufism, jurisprudence, conjugation and sharitai. Should a properly filed counter notification be filed, you will be notified and have 10 business days within which to file for a restraining order in Federal Court to prevent the reinstatement of the material. What Is a Madrasa? If change is gradual, the foundation of that society, their thoughts, will not take on a revolutionary form but rather will change over a long period of time. They can only recall Fatima standing fatimq her father when someone threw dust on him. Then, who is responsible?
ALI SHARIATI FATIMA IS FATIMA PDF
To begin with, I had wanted to comment upon the research of Professor Louis Massignon concerning the personality and complicated life of Fatima. I had wished to refer to the deep and revolutionary influence her memory evokes in Muslim societies and the role she has played in the breadth of Islamic transformations. As I entered the gathering, I saw that, in addition to the university students, many others had come. This spoke of the need for a more urgent response to the problem. I agreed to answer the pertinent question of womanhood so extremely important today for our society.
FATIMA IS FATIMA SHARIATI PDF
Dourisar They have not come to hear a dry, scientific, historic lecture. And his daughter, Fatima is a perfect example of an ideal woman whom no xli has yet become. Location of Infringing Material Identify each web page that allegedly contains infringing material. Woman, in their view, must also remain as she is today because, simply enough, her form exists in th epast and has become part of social traditions. True reflection of the ideal role and the status of women in Islam apart from cultural influence. In one word, the scholars. The logic of the conservative is this: What was sahriati school of thought?