Kemi It recommended introduction of boarding schools in arid and semi-arid areas. These intervention measures include: At hand gacjathi a challenge of distributing economic opportunities equitably to all citizens. However, although the policy has been described a major educational reform in the. The Mackay report 8: University of Nairobi online application guide. According to Simuyuthe policy was criticized in two major areas Evaluate the present system of education Define new set of educational goals for the second decade of independence Formulate a specific programme gachatji action for achieving these goals. Suggest ways of promoting social values, ethics and AIDs related education.
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Roles of the Bessay Commission? To make recommendations on training, supply and retention of teachers so as to meet the needs of the curriculum.
To advise on the structure of the education system Recommendations of the Bessay Commision? It recommended that primary school curriculum to be broadened such that school leavers can be absorbed into the economy and be adaptable and resourceful? It recommended that Form 1 and 2 students to follow a common curriculum but personal guided choice of subjects to be introduced in Form 3 and 4.
To redefine Kenyan Educational policies and objectives, focusing mainly on national unity and the economic, social and cultural aspirations of the people of Kenya. To suggest methods and means by which the objectives and policies could be achieved and implemented. Recommendations of the Gachathi Report? It recommended that mother tongue be used as a medium of instruction in lower primary classes.
It recommended that English to be taught as a subject from class one. It recommended for reconstruction of the education system to 9 years primary education, 4 years secondary education, 2 years high secondary education and 3 years university education. It proposed free primary education for upper primary school.
It recommended Kiswahili to be made a compulsory and examinable subject. It recommended for an upgrade in teaching of sciences, mathematics and vocational subjects. It recommended that national unity should be promoted at all levels of education. It suggested continuous assessment to be used as a mode of evaluation. It proposed practical education for self reliance to be enhanced.
Impacts of The Gachathi Report. It recommended that post secondary training institutions to be developed and expanded so as to be able to handle the large number expected to join them after failing to get university admissions. To review the national education and training policy for the decade and beyond.
To seek ways in which cost sharing as a financing strategy could be implemented in the education sector. To focus on improving the quality and relevance of education in Kenya. Recommendations of the Kamunge Report? It recommended that cost sharing to be between the government, parents and the communities? It recommended that education should foster national unity and promote positive attitudes and consciousness towards other countries. It recommended that education should promote social justice and morality?
It recommended that there should be development of gifted, talented and physically challenged persons through education. It recommended that schools should offer guidance and counseling services, environmental education and vocational technical education. It recommended the establishment of centres for excellence in training, research, technology and arts.
To prepare the Kenyan society to face the challenges of the 21st century and the 3rd millennium through education and training. Recommendations of the Koech Report? It recommended expansion of basic education from 8 to It recommended compulsory basic education. It recommended reduction of curriculum content to be manageable by learners and teachers at all levels.
It recommended unit learning approach and credit accumulation in post secondary education to facilitate points of exit and re-entry as appropriate. It recommended expansion of opportunities in post secondary education so that learners can have flexibility when pursuing further studies. It recommended introduction of boarding schools in arid and semi-arid areas.
It recommended that guidance and counseling in education and training institutes to be offered by professionally trained mature members. However, it was no implemented until , when an attempt was made. In , free primary education was implemented as from class1 — 4, then it would be extended to the rest. The implementation was not done fully due to the following challenges: 1. Inadequate planning 2.
Over enrolment of children in schools 3. Teachers were overloaded 4. Inadequate funding 5. Overage children started attending school and there were no plans to meet their special needs. Not everything was free, e. NB: Due to the high cost of free education, the government could not sustain it. Another attempt to implement free primary education was done in However, it met similar challenges as in and therefore it was not sustained.
In , the NARC government implemented free primary education. This program faced the following problems: 1. Expenses in financing the expanded education 2. Over enrolment 3. Misconceptions — e. Inadequate teaching learning resources.
Enrolment of overage learners 7. Some parents had to keep their children at home so as for them to attain six years of age so as to join free primary education since they could not afford pre-school education which was not free.
The NARC government had to intervene to solve the above problems so as to sustain free education. These intervention measures include:? It formed a budgetary plan for the project. School administrators were trained to manage the free primary education development funds?
The government provided teaching learning resources, e. It was timely — it was implemented at a time when universal primary education was one of millennium goals and therefore it received international moral support.
The president sensitized the parents on their role in education of their children. There was a free feeding program in arid and semi arid areas. The public was sensitized on the role of different stakeholders in free primary education? Funding for school development was decentralized such that it would be received directly by the schools for improvement of infrastructure. There was an accounting and reporting system of expenditure — head of schools had to explain how they have used the free primary education funds.
Educational development partners provided financial support. Effort was made to make education accessible to all including the girl child. Eradication of extreme poverty and anger? Achievement of universal primary education? Promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women?
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It recommended Kiswahili to be made a compulsory and examinable subject. The government provided teaching learning resources, e. Guidance and counselling of the youth in secondary school to enable them face realities of life. Urbanization also became an issue with too many people moving into towns to look for jobs at the expense of development in rural areas. Porter was nominated by the government to help address the challenge.
Gachathi Commission Report and Recommendations – Gachathi Report