MAHAKAVI KALIDAS PDF

Early life[ edit ] Scholars have speculated that Kalidasa may have lived near the Himalayas , in the vicinity of Ujjain , and in Kalinga. Lakshmi Dhar Kalla — , a Sanskrit scholar and a Kashmiri Pandit , wrote a book titled The birth-place of Kalidasa , which tries to trace the birthplace of Kalidasa based on his writings. He concluded that Kalidasa was born in Kashmir , but moved southwards, and sought the patronage of local rulers to prosper. Description of geographical features common to Kashmir, such as tarns and glades Mention of some sites of minor importance that, according to Kalla, can be identified with places in Kashmir. These sites are not very famous outside Kashmir, and therefore, could not have been known to someone not in close touch with Kashmir.

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There are hundreds of languages in the world. However, great and classical literature which people in all countries need to read is found only in a few languages. One such great language is Sanskrit. It is one of the oldest languages. Kannada, Telugu and other languages in the South have also been nourished by it. It needs the genius of poets who create literary epics and great thinkers for a language to achieve world-renown. Sanskrit is eminently lucky in this respect.

Puranas and historical epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharat vividly describe the battle between the good and the evil. They also portray the virtues like devotion to truth, a sense of sacrifice, heroism, cultured living, etc. In Sanskrit there are also beautiful stories of birds and animals like Panchatantra; stories extolling good and basic qualities of wisdom and intelligence.

Sanskrit can also justly boast of a rich treasure house of plays, poems and many scientific and philosophical treatises. A poet who has made a distinct and glorious contribution to this sumptuous Sanskrit literature is Kalidas. He has pictured in his works the beauty in life and pondered upon how we can give pleasure to others by generous and graceful behavior. His portrayals are vivid and heart- warming; his word power is unique. In a few words he is capable of bringing out the entire meaning intended.

His writings touchingly show up a noble, meaningful mode of life for the people to pursue. His works are an intellectual treat to thinkers and common readers alike. When did he live and where in India was he residing? Much discussion has taken place for a long time now about his life and times. Not many queries on this score have elicited definite answers. Several legends have sprouted around him.

In fact, there was a time he was considered to be one of the stupidest people in the kingdom! One sunny day, Kalidas was sitting on a branch of a tree, trying to saw it off. But the dimwitted man was sitting on the wrong end of the branch, so when he finally sawed through the branch, down he tumbled!

This act of sheer stupidity was observed by some shrewd pundits minister passing by. Now these pundits wanted to play a trick on the arrogant princess, to teach her a lesson. She was determined to marry someone who would defeat her in a debate about the scriptures. The princess had heaped considerable abuse on them over a period of time, and they were determined to extract their revenge. So, when they chanced upon Kalidas, they decided to present him to the queen as a suitable match for her.

In order to conceal his stupidity, the pundits asked Kalidas to pretend that he was a great sage, who was observing a vow of silence. Kalidas readily agreed, and they presented him to the queen, saying that Kalidas would only communicate by way of gestures. The princess was suitably impressed, and the couple was married without much delay. The princess realized that she had married a prize fool. Furious, she threw him out of her palace, and her life.

Dushyant and Shakuntala The dejected Kalidas wandered around, till he came to the bank of the river. He contemplated taking his life when he suddenly saw some women washing clothes on the edge of the river bank. He observed that the stones which the women were pounding with clothes, were smooth and rounded, while the other stones were rough and ragged.

Kalidas thus grew determined to become the wisest and most learned man in the country, and to achieve this end he started indulging in intellectual pastimes, reading, meditating and praying to his goddess Kali to grant him divine knowledge.

His wish was fulfilled. This is one of the most popular legends about Kalidas. There are several other stories but they lack authenticity. It appears Kalidas was at the court of emperor Vikramaditya. The place and time of this king are also not definite. But when exactly he lived before the 6th century is not firmly established. Though a deep affection for the city of Ujjain is discernible in his works, it cannot be said with certainty that he lived there. But we can assume that, wherever he may have been born, he had lived at Ujjain.

Kalidas, however, had good knowledge of the whole of Bharat. Reading these pen-pictures, one cannot help but conclude that the poet must have had a personal knowledge of these areas. In short, he must have traveled widely across the length and breadth of the land, seen those places, talked to the people and studied their modes of living.

Kalidas possessed that distinct intellect which makes one a great poet. He was a scholar and his works display his poetic genius as well as scholarship. He could describe the rich and wealthy life of a royal palace and the serene, simple and peaceful life at a hermitage with equal understanding. He could, likewise, describe the joys of the marital life of a man and his spouse as well as their pangs of separation.

He creates scenes of a serious and thoughtful nature as also hilarious scenes of light comedy. In his works is found an excellent combination of art-consciousness, unmatched wordpower and an unparalleled capacity for vivid portrayals.

The Great works by Kalidas Kalidas wrote seven works. Critics maintain that Kalidas wrote only the first eight chapters of the epic poem. The work describes the marriage of Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati.

It begins with a fine description of that giant among mountains, the Himalaya. It also deals briefly with the twenty kings from Nala up to Agnivarna.

In thebeginning, the poet extols the fine qualities of the kings of Raghu dynasty. The poet has portrayed diverse characters like Vashishta, Dileepa, Raghu, Aja and others. The theme of the play is the love-story of Agnimitra and Malavika. This literary masterpiece has been translated into several languages around the world. The lady is residing at Alakanagari. The poet fascinatingly describes the travels of the cloud from Ramagiri to Alakanagari.

It is a total picture of a beautiful world. However, it is equally appealing. The poet here sees beauty in everything. Each different facet of nature he sees in each of the seasons fascinates him; it is a romantic sight. His descriptions enthrall us. With him we are in the company-cultured a highly civilized, cultured personality.

It is like a flower which, in bloom, spreads its fragrance all around. It is for this wonderful experience that we as well as people in other countries read Kalidas.

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Mahakavi Kalidas Natya Mandir, Mumbai

He was renowned as Mahakavi and made a glorious contribution to the Sanskrit literature. Kalidas Poems brought a unique quality to the literary works. His writings are heart touching and an intellectual treat to the thinkers and the common readers. There are some doubts about the exact time of the birth. However, he worked in the court of Emperor Vikramaditya ruler of Ujjain. Kalidas had a lot of knowledge about whole Bharat by traveling all over India in those days.

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